Wednesday, July 29, 2009

Penang Peranakan Mansion

Penang Peranakan Mansion is also known as Baba-Nyoya Mansion , Chung Keng Quee Mansion. It was the former residence and office of Kapitan china Chung Keng Quee(郑景贵), the leader of Hai San kongsi. He named his mansion Hai Kee Chan(which in Hokkien dialect means the store at the sea-side, but some said it is sea remembrance store,where the word "kee" was translated as remember). The sea shore line at that time was at Beach Street.

The mansion is located at 31, Church Street, Penang. The location was formerly the kongsi house of Ghee Hin Kongsi. But it was bought over by Hai San Kongsi leader Kapitan Chung Keng Quee. He built the mansion in 1894 and named it Hai Kee Chan(海记栈).He is not a baba, but a Hakka, the mansion however was built with baba-nyonya culture influence. Beside Hai Kee Chan, there is a family school(书斋),which was also used as ancestral temple(祠堂),with the name of “慎之家塾”.

The Church Street is also known as Ghee Hin Street(
义兴街). Church Street or Lebuh Gereja is located between Pitt Street(Jalan Masjid Kapitan Keling) and Beach Street(Lebuh Pantai).

- 五福堂舊址


初創時可能只是茅舍木屋,數年后始設義興街的院宇,為廣府12 縣子女提供教育。1895年,業主鄭景貴(鄭慎之)索回作為家塾,名為慎之家塾,另捐獻牛干冬街地皮興建五福書院,1898年書院現址落成。遷址后百多年 來,五福書院從讀經書的私塾改設商務夜學,數年后創廣東公立商務學堂,民國元年(1911)改為新式小學,1958年接受政府津貼,易名商務國小,於 1974年從書院會館遷至新校舍.

Chung Keng Quee(1827-1901)
Kapitan China Chung Keng Quee (Chinese: 鄭景貴/郑景贵, B. 1827, D. 13 December 1901)was the founder of modern Taiping. He was a millionaire philanthropist and known as an innovator in the mining of tin. He was respected by both Chinese and European communities in the early colonial settlement. His survival in the chaotic era owes much to his standing as leader of the Hai San, a Chinese secret society in British Malaya during the time of the Larut Wars (1862-73), a position he is said to have held till early 1884, although in all probability he continued to remain a leading member. He was a member of the Commission for the Pacification of Larut and sat as one of six members of the Advisory Perak State Council appointed by the British.

Third among his father's five sons, Chung Keng Quee was born into a Hakka (客家 )peasant family in Xin Cun (新村) village, Cheng Sheng county (Zengcheng 增城县 ) , Guangzhou city(广州), of Guangdong Province (广东省) , China (中国).

Kapitan China Chung Keng Quee died at the age of 74 on the 13th of December 1901 after a brief illness of only a few days. Chung Keng Quee was buried in the Chung Family Burial Plot in Mount Erskine purchased beforehand by himself and his daughter Chung, Kang Neoh.
(source: wikipedia)

There are two streets in George Town named after Capitan China Chung Keng Quee:
(i) Jalan Ah Quee or Ah Quee Street, located between Jalan Masjid Capitan Kling(or Pitt Street) and Beach Street(Lebuh Pantai). Its entrance in Pitt Street, is just opposite Buckingham Street. This road is given by Capitan Chung Keng Quee to Municipality of George Town. He demolished his shop house that fronting Beach Street to create the new street. It run through a Malay village known as Kampong Takia, that is why Malay called the street Lorong Takia.
(ii)Lebuh Keng Kwee or Keng Kwee Street, located between Penang Road and Jalan Kuala Kangsar(Kuala Kangsar Road). This is the street where the famous Teochew chendol is located.

Related articles:

1. Chung Keng Quee ,
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