Location Map of Longformacus, Berwickshine, Scotland
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( The memorial of David Brown)
David Brown, a Scotsman from Longformacus, a small village in Berwickshire, Scotland. Born in 1778. He studied law in Edinburgh, but went into business with his fellow Scotsman, James Scott, who come from the same village. James Scott is the trading partner of Capt Francis Light, who took over Light 's estate after he passed away in 1794. After James Scott died in 1808, David Brown took over his estate, and become the largest land owner in Penang. He married a local wife, Nonia Ennui, and second wife called Inghoo. He died on 12-9-1825 while on board the vessel with the name H.C.S. Windsor Castle, on his passage to Malacca.
1800- 22 years old David Brown arrived in Penang, helping fellow Scotman James Scott(1746-1808) in his business, Scott & Co. James Scott was the trading partner of Francis Light(1740-1794), who was the founder of Penang in 1786, also the Superintendant of East Indian Company(EIC) from 1786-1794. When David Brown arrived in
The first Penang
By 1800 there were some 1,300 nutmeg plants in the two
Note: Sir George Leith (1766-1842) was the Lieutenant Governor of Penang
1805- Colonel Robert T. Farquhar (1776-1866), who succeded Sir George
1806- David Brown, a partner in Scott and Company, established spice gardens in the area of Sungei Gelugor, in the area of MTC and USM today. David Brown used capital borrowed from Scott and other friends to clear a part of the hillside at Gelugor , about 8 km from
1808- James Scott involved heavily in James Town project(now Bayan Lepas)at Sungei Kluang , opposite Pulau Jerejak, believed that the place will be earmarked for naval base by British government. But it was not materialized. James Scott lost in his investment, and declared a bankrupt. David Brown took over Scott & Co. James Scott passed away in 1808. David Brown took over the business of the Scott , Brown & Co(where he was the partner) , the company become Brown & Co. David Brown become the largest land owner in
Some of James descendants married into the Brown family from
1810- He was the first private planter who cultivate nutmeg extensively in his estate in Penang. James Low in his book, A Dissertation on the Soil & Agriculture of the British Settlement of Penang, published by Singapore free press office in 1836, pg 19. stated that “ He stood alone in 1810 as a spice planter on extensive scale”.He continued in Pg 20, “George Brown managed the estate with spirit and judgement, which finally overcome every difficulty, and displayed for the first time , after 30 years of precious trials,the full value of pursuit.”. George Brown was the eldest son of David Brown, who contrinuted much to the cultivation of nutmeg.
1812 - By 1812, the David Brown family was beginning to make nutmeg a major crop of Penang.
The Gelugor House, the large square mansion in the Gelugor Estate was built by David Brown in 1812.
There was a book ,with the title "Nature and Nation" pg 35; writing about the time Glugor House was built;
David Brown ‘s Glugor House, nestled salubriously among spice gardens, mainly pepper. ….. the landscaped gardens surrounding the well -styled stately homes of
View of Glugor House, painitng by Daniell Smith
Note:William Petrie (1748-1816) was the Governor of Penang from1811-1816
1818 - The bearing nutmeg tree in the island was estimated to be 6,900 trees,since the period nutmeg has been extensive cultivated. The eldest son, George Brown was the one who planted netmeg in larger scale, the first estate in Malaya.....
1821 - Raffles urged David Brown to assist the visiting botanist, James Pott to collect samples of the island’s edible plants and fruits to improve the understanding of its botanical wealth . He was a gardener from London Horticultural Society.(ref: Letter from Raffles to Brown dated 20-6-1821)
1824 - In 1824, MrBrown attend the first service of Mission Chapel, together with Scott,(not James Scott, must be 2nd generation Scott), Mr & Mrs Clubley. Mrs Andeson. ( note: William Clubley was the Resident Councilor of Penang from1825-1826).
1825- David Brown passed away while on his voyage to Malacca.
He was a philanthropist, who donated 12 acre of land at Dato Kramat Road to the local municipality. The place is know as Padang Brown(Padang Datuk Kramat), it is bordered by Johore Road, Datuk Kramat Road, Perak Road and Anson Road. It was once popular for football matches, but now popular as hawker centre. The Johore Road is now popular hawker centre. At the corner of Anson Road and Perak Road, there is a memorial in memory of him. It was previously at the centre of Padang Brown, but now at the corner , at the centre of the hawker complex.
It reads: "This monument was erected by public subscription by the European and native inhabitants of Penang: To the memory of the late David Brown Esquire in testimony of their esteem and approbation of his character and for his unwearied zeal and usefulness as a member of the community during the long period of 25 years which he was a resident on the island. His death took place on the 12th September 1825 in the 49th year of his age on board the
Other historical sites or road which are related to him or with the name related to him, are:
Gelugor estate, part of it is now USM, Kampong Buah Pala.
Strawberry Hill at Penang Hill
The Brown family only enjoyed the benefit of nutmeg cultivation in 1836, when the nutmeg trees started bearing, and the price of the spices were good. The senior David Brown had passed away in 1825, David Wardlow Brown(David 2nd Son) enjoyed the benefit, reported in possession of Stering pound 10,000 a year, a huge sum in those days( ref: NST 15-11-1993)
Children:1) 1st son: George Wilson Brown(1805-1846), who was the one that help the father in the spices cultivation. He expand the cultivation.
2) 2nd son: David Wardlaw Brown(born in 1812, died on 26-9-1864), married Magaret Turnbull Tait
3) 3rd son: Forbes Scott Brown（1818-1874），Forbes Scott Brown, Esq. of Longformacus,
5) 5th son:
Grandchildren:Children of Forbes Scott Brown(13 children):-
1) David Alexander Murray Brown or D.A.M Brown(187
2) Laurie Brown(died in 1930) –youngest son
3) 4th daughter- Sarah Holdway Brown(died in 1931),
4) H.M.Brown or Helen Margaret Brown (died in Dec 1964), last owner of Brown & Co, who sold the Gelugor estate to Arumugam Pillai.
Others(relationship with David Brown not certain):9)John Robertson Brown,who was the Penang jurors in 1904, an assistant in David Brown & Co, Glugor.
11) Edmund Brown, it was mentioned in the book